British French Agreement On Middle East


In April 1915, Russia supported the formation of the Armenian provisional government under the Russian-Armenian governor Aram Manukian, the leader of the resistance in Van`s defense. The Armenian national liberation movement hoped that Armenia could be liberated from the Ottoman regime in exchange for the support of the Russian army. However, the Tsarist regime had a secret war agreement with the other members of the Triple Agreement on the final fate of several anatolic territories, the Sykes-Picot Agreement. [12] These plans were published in 1917 by Armenian revolutionaries to gain the support of Armenian public opinion. [14] That Britain has the right to build, manage and be alone a railway linking Haifa to the area (b), and that it will have the permanent right to transport troops at any time on such a road. It is understood by both governments that this railway is intended to facilitate the link between Baghdad and Haifa on the rail and it is also understood that if the technical difficulties and costs associated with maintaining this link line in the brown zone make the project completely unenforceable, that the French government will be prepared to take into account that the line in question can also say the polgon Banias Keis Marib Saladkh , otsda Mesmie before reaching the area. Under the agreement, France should exercise direct control over cilicia, the coastal strip of Syria, Lebanon and most of Galilee, up to the line that stretches from northern Acre to the northwest corner of Lake Galilee (“blue zone”). To the east, in the Syrian hinterland, an Arab state (“Area A”) should be created under the protection of France. Britain should exercise control of southern Mesopotamia (“red zone”) and the area around the acre-Haifa bay in the Mediterranean, with right rights to build a railway from there to Baghdad. The area east of the Jordan River and the Negev desert south of the road, which stretches from Gaza to the Dead Sea, has been attributed to an Arab state under the protection of the United Kingdom (“Area B”). France`s “blue zone” in the area that includes the Sanjak of Jerusalem and extends southward to the line from Gaza to the Dead Sea, should be under international administration (“brown zone”). After the Constantinople Agreement, the French turned to the British to develop their reciprocal desiderata and the British set up the De Bunsen Committee on 8 April 1915 to examine British options.

[45] Zionism was not taken into account in the June 1915 Committee report,[46] which concluded that in the event of division or zone of influence, there must be a British sphere of influence that included Palestine, while accepting that there be relevant French and Russian interests, as well as Islamic interests, in Jerusalem and in the holy places. [47] [48] The agreement gave a general understanding of the spheres of influence of the United Kingdom and France in the Middle East. The aim was to divide the Arab provinces of the Ottoman Empire (excluding the Arabian Peninsula). The Sykes-Picot Agreement (officially the 1916 agreement in Asia Minor) was a secret agreement reached during world war I between the British and French governments on the division of the Ottoman Empire between the Allies. Russia also participated in the talks. The Russians, the British, the Italians, the French, the Greeks, the Assyrians and the Armenians claimEd Anatolia, based on a collection of war promises, military actions, secret agreements and treaties. According to the Treaty of Sevres, everyone except the Assyrians would have fulfilled his wishes. Armenia was to receive a significant part of the East, known as Wilsonian Armenia, which stretched as far as Lake Van and as far as Mush, Greece was to retain Smyrna and the surrounding area (and probably have reached Constantinople and all of Thrace, which was managed as a controlled and demilitarized internationally), Italy should have control of the south-central and west anatolia coast around Antalya.

, France, which must preserve the area of Cilicia, and Great Britain, which retains the entire region to the south of Armenia.

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